A chickenhawk is an aggressively pro-war person who has no military experience and typically avoids all opportunities to serve.
A peacenik comes from the other end of the political spectrum, arguing that war is never productive, nor do the ends ever justify the means.
Both are very ideological positions. But chickenhawks are hypocritical in their desire to risk others' lives and not their own, and I've never heard a sincere and respectable justification for their ideology. On the contrary, most of their public statements fall into this pattern:
- "I had other priorities in the '60s than military service." Dick Cheney was of military age and a supporter of the Vietnam War but he did not serve in the war, applying for and receiving five draft deferments. On May 19, 1965, Cheney was classified as 1-A , "available for service" by the Selective Service. On October 26, 1965 the Selective Service lifted the constraints on drafting childless married men. Cheney and his wife then had a child after which he applied for and received, a reclassification of 3-A, gaining him a final draft deferment.
- "They may be with you for the first shots," Rove said of Democrats, "but they're not going . . . to be with you for the tough battles." Rove received his first deferment in 1969 "because of his enrollment at the University of Utah in the fall.... He maintained this deferment until Dec. 14, 1971, despite being only a part-time student in the autumn and spring quarters of 1971 (registered for between six and 12 credit hours) and dropping out of the university in June of 1971."
- ... and now Anthony Mantova, a 24-year-old neo-conservative working for the Leadership Institute, who writes pieces such as “It is Time to Invade Iran." When confronted on his aggressive stance, Mantova "flatly refused to concede to serving the United States in the military. The money quote from these conversations came when Mantova berated me for what he said was my 'hillbilly, intellectually vacant and morally repugnant belief that 'those who call for war must serve.''"
(source: the News Blog)